Categories: Eye Care

The Meibomian gland is a type of sebaceous gland located in the eyelid near the eyelashes. Its function is to secrete an oily substance called meibum, which helps to lubricate the surface of the eye and prevent the evaporation of tears. The meibum produced by these glands also helps to protect the eye from bacterial infections and other irritants. 

Sebaceous glands are small glands located in the skin that secrete an oily substance called sebum. These glands are found all over the body, but are most concentrated on the face, scalp, chest, and back. Sebum helps to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair, and also has antimicrobial properties that help to protect the skin from infection. Sebaceous glands are also involved in the development of acne, as overproduction of sebum can clog hair follicles and lead to the formation of pimples and other blemishes.

Sebum is an oily substance that is produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. These glands are found all over the body, but are most concentrated on the face, scalp, chest, and back. Sebum is composed of a mixture of lipids, including triglycerides, wax esters, squalene, and cholesterol esters.

The primary function of sebum is to lubricate and waterproof the skin and hair. Sebum helps to keep the skin supple and hydrated, and also has antimicrobial properties that help to protect against infection. However, overproduction of sebum can also lead to the development of acne, a common skin condition characterized by the formation of pimples, blackheads, and other blemishes.

Meibum is a complex mixture of lipids that is secreted by the Meibomian glands in the eyelids. These glands are specialized sebaceous glands that produce a thick, oily substance that is used to lubricate and protect the surface of the eye. Meibum is composed of a variety of lipids, including wax esters, cholesterol esters, triglycerides, phospholipids, and free fatty acids.

The composition of meibum is critical to its function in maintaining the stability of the tear film. The tear film is a thin layer of fluid that covers the surface of the eye and helps to protect it from damage, infection, and dryness. Meibum helps to prevent the evaporation of tears and maintain the integrity of the tear film, which is essential for clear vision and eye health. 

Dysfunction of the Meibomian gland can lead to a condition known as Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), which can lead to a decrease in the quality and quantity of meibum. MGD is a common cause of dry eye syndrome, a condition in which the eyes become dry, itchy, and irritated due to a lack of sufficient tear production or poor tear quality. Symptoms of MGD can include dryness, redness, itching, and irritation of the eyes. Patients may also experience a gritty sensation in the eyes, as well as blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and eye fatigue. These symptoms can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities, such as reading or using a computer.

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of MGD, including hormonal changes, aging, and environmental factors. Other risk factors for MGD include the use of contact lenses, certain medications, and pre-existing medical conditions such as rosacea and autoimmune disorders.

The key to preventing MGD is maintaining good eyelid hygiene. Acuicyn™  Antimicrobial Eyelid & Eyelash Hygiene is a Performance Stabilized HOCl that eradicates microorganisms, breaks down lipids, and removes encrustation and debris to help manage red, inflamed, itchy eyes. Acuicyn™ is safe for use on all skin types and at any age. It is non-toxic, non-irritating, non-sensitizing, steroid-free, antibiotic-free, and alcohol-free. Use it twice daily as needed or recommended.

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